Shikak


Shikak
(Shakak)
   The Shikak are a tribal confederation that became powerful in the second half of the 19th century on both sides of the Ottoman and Persian borders in the mountainous regions west and northwest of Lake Urumiya. They are Sunni Muslim and speak Kurmanji. They obtained a reputation for attacking both the Kurdish and Christian rayat (peasants) and refusing to pay taxes. In some sources, they are confused with the Shakaki (a Turkish-speaking Alevi tribe of Kurdish origin), who live to the east and northeast of Tabriz and early in the 20th century provided four regiments for the Qajar shah's army. On the other hand, the relationship between the Shikak and Shakaki also seems to be more than a mere similarity of names.
   The Shikak opposed Sheikh Ubeydullah of Nehri when he invaded Persia in 1880. In 1896, the Shikak ambushed some 800 Armenian revolutionaries retreating from Van in the Ottoman Empire, while two years later they were chasing Armenians on behalf of the Persians. Shikak tribesmen captured Sheikh Abdul Salam II of Bar-zan, the elder brother of Mulla Mustafa Barzani, and handed him over to the Ottomans for execution in 1914 when the Sheikh tried to flee after being charged with conspiring with the Russians.
   Ismail Agha Simko, the famous Iranian Kurdish rebel of the 1920s, was the leader of the Abdui section of the Shikak. During the days of the Mahabad Republic of Kurdistan, the Shikak played a cautiously opportunistic role and quickly deserted the cause. They acted similarly in 1979 when central authority was temporarily absent following the Islamic revolution. Likewise, the Tudeh (Iranian Communist Party) office in Urumiya in northwestern Iran was able only temporarily to enroll thousands of Shikaks in 1945.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simko Shikak — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Simko caption= date= 1919 to 1922 place=Kurdistan result= Iranian Victory combatant1=Iran combatant2=Simko s state in northwestern Kurdistan commander1=General Amir Ershad Reza Shah commander2=SimkoSeyyed Taha… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdish people — Kurd redirects here. For other uses, see Kurd (disambiguation). Kurds 1st row: Saladin …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Kurdish people — This article is part of the Kurdish history and Culture series Ancient history Corduene Kayusid Medieval history Shahrazur Shaddadid Rawadid Hasanwayhid Annazid Marwanid Hadhabani Hazaraspid Ayyubid Badlis Ardalan …   Wikipedia

  • Kurmanji — Northern Kurdish Spoken in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, neighboring countries Native speakers unknown (4.0 million in Turkey cited 1980) 2.8 million in Iraq (2004) 2.5 million elsewhere (1988–2004) …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian Kurdistan — (Kurdish: کوردستانی ئران Kurdistanî Iran ) [ [http://www.amude.net/Hevpeyvin Kurdi deep.php?newsLanguage=Kurdi newsId=866 www.amude.com ] ] or Kurdistana Rojhilat (Eastern Kurdistan) [ [http://www.demanu.com.tr/arsiv/06 03 2006 143sy/niv 06… …   Wikipedia

  • Shimun XXI Benyamin — Mar Benyamin XXIII Shimun His Holiness Mar Shimun XXI Benyamin on or before 1913 Church Assyrian Church …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan — For other uses, see Kurdistan (disambiguation). Kurdistan Kurdish inhabited areas …   Wikipedia

  • Mar Shimun XXI Benyamin — (Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܒܢܝܡܝܢ ܫܡܥܘܢ ܥܣܪܝܢ ܘܩܕܡܝܐ) was a Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East. He was born in 1887 in the village of Qochanis in the Hakkari Province, Ottoman Empire (modern day southeastern Turkey). He was consecrated a… …   Wikipedia

  • Peshmerga — Infobox Military Unit unit name = Peshmerga caption = Peshmerga emblem dates = 1890 Present country = Iraqi Kurdistan Region allegiance = branch = Army type = role = Domestic defense size = 270,000 [… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Kurdish people — This is a list of well known Kurdish people. It includes poets, writers, historians, archaeologists, clerics, rulers, politicians and artists.Liturature#Ahmade Bate (Ehmedê Batê ),(1417 1491), Kurdish poet and cleric, Hakkari region. #Ali Hariri… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.